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NishantSharma比特币挖矿与比_a

发布时间:2020-01-16 17:51:37

Nishant Sharma:比特币挖矿与比特大陆的过去现在及将来

摘 要:“ 比特大陆将继续开发最节能和高速的比特币矿机,并投资各种有前途有展望的项目”

《加油站》韩国站第12期访谈实录:

-Guest info-

Nishant Sharma

Head of PR Community Relations of Bitmain

Host:今天采访之前,首先给大家介绍一下今天的主持人——BY company副总裁Emily。Emily曾是韩国最大的区块链加密社区Cobak的营销总监,曾担任 Deconomy(Deconomy以其全球去中心化经济论坛而闻名)顶级品牌Peer的营销人员。目前,Emily已成为晋升为BYcompany的副总裁,B&Ycompany也已跃升为韩国国内区块链市场营销公司。

Before we start, I would like to introduce Vice president of BY Company, So-jeong Byeon who will be our host for the interview today

. So-jeong’s English name is Emily so I will just call her Emily. Emily was a marketing director at Cobak, Korea’s largest Blockchain/Cryptocurrency community. She also served as a marketer at Peer, an established brand in Deconomy which is a well-known forum for distributed economy. Now, She is the Vice president of BY Company which is taking a leap forward to become a leading blockchain marketing company in Korea.

Emily:Nishant,您好!非常感谢您来参加今天的采访。我们已经为您准备了几个问题。首先请您做个简单的自我介绍吧?以及您什么时候、如何进入区块链技术行业的?

Im honored to host an interview with you and already get ready forthe questions! ??

Thank you again forthe interview preparation again! Let me start with few questions of you,Nishant! Tell us a bit about yourself. When and how did you first enter the Bitcoinindustry?

Nishant:我于2014年进入比特币圈子,当时我进了在深圳的一家比特币初创公司,叫BitCrane。该公司当时是极少数的合法AISC比特币矿机品牌制造商。2015年的比特币熊市中,就像当时大多数ASIC矿机一样,我们不得不关门,因为我们逐渐跟不上比特币挖矿的难度,这使得我们的收益越来越受到限制。后来我经常从BitCrane的客户那里收到有关比特大陆(Bitmain)的积极反馈,比特大陆当时是我们的竞争公司,在快速变化的比特币市场中,我逐渐发现了自己想要做的工作。所以我请Jihan来帮我,因为他之前和BitCrane合作过。所以我于2016年初加入北京的比特大陆。

I entered the Bitcoinindustry in 2014, when I joined a Shenzhen-based Bitcoin startup calledBitCrane, which was one of the few legit AISC miner makers back then. Duringthe Bitcoin bear market of 2015, just like majority of the ASIC mine makersback then, we had to close shop because we couldn’t keep up with the risingdifficulty of the Bitcoin network and other challenges that prevented us frommaking a profit. I had long received positive feedback about Bitmain’s productsfrom BitCrane’s customers, had followed Bitmain’s progress as a competitorsince some time now and found my calling in the fast Bitcoin industry – so Ireached out to Jihan, who has previously approached BitCrane to collaborate,and joined Beijing-based Bitmain in beginning of 2016.

Emily:原来如此。接下来是下一个问题:您在比特大陆扮演的角色还挺多,您如何形容自己的角色呢?

Got it. Then nextquestion, you seem to take on various roles at Bitmain. How would you describeyour role at Bitmain?

Nishant:是的。我在BitMain Technologies控股公司担任各种职务,从产品营销到公关和社区关系,并为公司的各种业务提供咨询服务。 我工作重点是社区关系,与比特大陆提品和服务的各种加密货币社区保持联系。同时,比特大陆对继续给开发人员、团队、项目提供开源资料,同时我也负责管理这一块。

Yes, I take on various roles for BitMain Technologies Holding Company – from product marketing to public and community relations and also advising various businesses of BitMain Technologies Holding Company. The focus of my role is community relations, where I maintain dialogue with various cryptocurrency communities that BitMain provides products and services for, and managing BitMain’s continuous donations to innumerous open-source developers/teams/projects.

Emily:您的工作基本上涵盖了比特大陆的整个业务链,您甚至还做过产品营销,真的太厉害了。我跟您有同感,不仅仅是加密货币市场,还有所有新兴行业,社区都非常的重要!

You cover whole general business sector of BitMain and even experienced product marketing as well. That is impressive. I couldnt agree more of the importance of community when it comes to not just the cryptocurrency market but all of rising and new industry.

Nishant:哈哈,谢谢。我相信在座的各位在新型产业的初创公司肯定会发挥极大的作用!

Haha, thanks. I guess many here are familiar with taking on multiple roles in startups in this new industry.

Emily:早期投资者可以在这里互相交换他们的信息、见解和市场趋势。接下来让我们继续了解比特大陆吧!有一种流行的观点认为比特大陆拥有Bitcoin、BitcoinCash矿机市场份额的80%以上。据报道,比特大陆产品的畅销就是GPU巨头Nvidia利润大幅下降的原因之一。那么是什么让BitMain如此成功、具有如此大的竞争力的呢?

There are where early adopters and investors exchange their information, insights and trends of the market. OKAY, lets move on the practical questions regarding BitMain!

There is popular opinion that BitMain owns 80% of the Bitcoin/BitcoinCash mining hardware market share and it was reported that BitMain’s product were a reason for a considerable drop in the profits of GPU giant Nvidia. What makes BitMain so successful or competitive?

Nishant:正如我在介绍自己时一样。比特大陆的产品优于任何其他ASIC矿机,其芯片和矿机已被证明是世界上最有效和最可靠的。 除此之外,比特大陆将继续履行其所有承诺,如果由于任何无法控制的因素,它无法履行承诺,那它会为相应的人提供必要的的补偿。用户可以通过查看比特大陆矿机的第三方独立评论来验证这一点。这些评论一般都是好评如潮,与宣传的性能规格一样棒。

As I informed previously while introducing myself, BitMain’s products were just performing better than any other ASIC mine maker’s products. BitMain’s chips and miners have proven to be the world’s most efficient and reliable time and again. Besides that, BitMain continues to deliver on all its promises and if, because of any uncontrollable factors, it cannot do that, it provides fair compensation to those who may have signed up for anything relating to those promises. You can verify this by checking online third-party independent reviews of BitMain’s miners, which always perform better than or at least as good as advertised performance specs.

Emily:听起来太棒了! 这么详细听来觉得您成为比特大陆主要布道者都是有原因的,因为你们用用户的体验证明了自己。

顺便问一下,很多人抱怨Bitcoin/Bitcoin Cash 挖矿会消耗大量的电力,对此您想说什么?

Sounds awesome. There were certain reasons you could be a leading evangelist of BitMains product since its quality has been proved by end-users.

By the way, many complain about Bitcoin/Bitcoin Cash mining to be too power-guzzling and a waste of power. What do you have to say about that?

Nishant:当然我也认为环境保护问题上,人类和技术都有各自的。但说比特币挖矿因不环保而受到非难,我认为这种言论并没有什么依据。 首先,比特币挖矿是解决世界上某些地区电力过剩或浪费问题,在这些地区,水力发电大坝生产的电力已经超过了它们连接的电所能消耗的电力。

As much as I believe in the role that humans and technology must play in conserving our environment, I believe that a lot of the criticism that Bitcoin mining receives for not being environment-friendly is not based on solid arguments. First, Bitcoin mining is a solution to the problem of excess or wasted electricity in parts of the world where power sources, such as hydroelectric-power dams, produce more electricity than the grid that they are connected to can consume.

其次,电力不能像互联上的数据一样跨境运输。 受国境和地区界限以及基础设施限制,运输电力存在物理限制。比特币挖矿能给能源富足的地方带来经济效益,但在能源匮乏的地方并非如此。能源富足和匮乏的地方并没有互相连接,所以如果不把那些过剩能源消耗掉,也只能浪费。因为也无法把多余的电力运输到能源不足的地区。

Second, electricity cannot be transported across borders like data on the internet. There are physical limitations to this because of the established state boundaries and infrastructural limitations. Bitcoin mining only makes economic sense in parts of the world that are energy-rich and not in parts that are energy-deficient. These parts are not connected. If the excess energy from on part is not used by Bitcoin mining or by anything, this energy would not be transported to the world’s energy-deficient areas.

第三,消耗的能源总量(及其产生方式)尚不清楚,甚至不可知,在现有的全球金融体系中很难确认能源支出。就像传统金融体系中很难知道能源消耗量一样。

Thirdly, the total amount of energy expended (and how it is generated) is not known or really even knowable, just as it would be difficult to determine the energy expenditure of the conventional global financial system—from the always-lighted buildings to the armored trucks.

最后,BitcoinBitcoin Cash提供了一种减少腐败和增加透明度的替代方案。通过利Bitcoin/Bitcoin Cash可解决世界上许多问题,比如,能够解决使非洲贫困人群生活在水深火热中的贫困问题。同时还可让发达资本主义国家更公平的竞争。我认为这是非常宝贵的,是无法明码标价的。

Last but not the least, Bitcoin/Bitcoin Cash offer a less corrupt and transparent alternative to the established systems that run the world. Its adoption has the power to wipe out a lot of the world’s problems, from people dying because of poverty in Africa to more fair competition in the developed capitalist countries. I believe that this is invaluable and putting a price-tag on this wouldnt be fair.

Emily:自Bitcoin Cash于2018年8月诞生以来,我们看到一些主要的硬分叉(hard-fork)导致了新的加密货币的出现。您对这种硬分叉有什么看法?

We saw some major hard-forks that resulted in the emergence of new cryptocurrencies ever since Bitcoin Cash came into being in August 2018. What is your opinion on such hard-forks?

Nishant:加密货币产业成型大概已经有10年了,即便如此,我也相信,这个行业依旧是新型行业。加密货币不会如此迅速地陷入恶毒的教条主义阵营。我认为这种硬分叉是必要的,对普及更多货币至关重要。我跟大家分享一下更加详细的见解吧?之前我曾写过相关的稿子。链接如下:

I believe that the cryptocurrency industry, even nearly a decade in, is still far too nascent to so quickly sort into viciously doctrinaire camps. Such hard forks are necessary—even vital for more democratized money. I have shared more detailed insights in my article on Payments Source. For those interested in reading them:

Emily:原来如此,民众货币这个词从去中心化的角度分析,我认为它是区块链和虚拟货币的核心价值。我们知道挖矿只是比特大陆项目的一小部分,但是仍然是大家公认的挖矿巨人。原因是什么呢?

I see. Expression of democratized money is the core value of Blockchain and cryptocurrency for the public for the decentralization. We understand that mining for itself has always been a small portion of BitMains business but BitMain is still known as the mining giant. Why is that ?

Nishant:我想理由有两点:

1. 比特大陆拥有全球最大的矿池。估计有些人不了解矿池的概念,简单解释,它就像一个站服务,全世界矿工们把自己的资源共享到一个池子,互相连接,以获得稳定的收入(我在之前做采访时有提到过)。更详细的内容可参考以下链接:

2. 拥有构建世界上最大数据中心的专业知识,这些数据中心专为加密货币挖掘而设计。比特大陆提供这种服务,建立新的数据中心并给世界各地的投资者提供各种服务。

This is because BitMain:

operates the worlds largest mining pools. Mining pools, for those not familiar with them, are like a web service which miners around the world can connect to to pool in their resources and to get a steadier and certain income. (Ive explained it pools in my recent interview with Technode: the expertise of building some of the worlds largest data centers especially designed for cryptocurrency-mining. BitMain provides this service of building new data centers and maintaining them to investors around the world.

Emily:比特大陆宣布了在准备IPO的同时推进与AI相关业务的新计划。请问数据中心(Q6的第2号回答)与新业务之间是否存在任何关联?

BitMain has announced new plans to advance AI-related new business at the time of IPO preparation. Is there any connection between the data center(answer no.2 of Q6) and the new business? And Is there anything going on internally?

Nishant:非常感谢您的提问!比特大陆于2016年开始研发AI芯片。目前,我们与福建省福州市、中国移动杭州研发中心、中国联通络技术研究院签署了合作协议,同时推出了不同代的神经处理器, 这些产品在东亚最大的云游戏提供商Ubitus等知名科技公司中得到广泛认可。

Thank you for the question! BitMain started working on AI chips in 2016. Currently, we have signed cooperation agreements with the Fuzhou Municipal Government of Fujian Province, China Mobile Hangzhou Research and Development Center, and China Unicom Network Technology Research Institute, while rolling out different generations of neural processors, which are fast finding wide acceptance among established tech companies, such as the East Asia’s largest cloud gaming provider Ubitus.

Emily:比特大陆出台了能源效率非常好的新产品,请问比特大陆未来有什么计划?BitMain has released energy-efficient new product. What are BitMain’s plans in this direction?

Nishant:我们打算继续研发更高效的产品。我们最近发布的Antminer S15和Antminer Z11最大化每单位空间的哈希值和每单位哈希值的效率。即将发布的S17的效率将会继续不断得到提升。高效率始终是创新产品的目标,因此我们将继续投资研发更优化的矿机。

We intend to continue to build more efficient products. Our recently released Antminer S15 and Antminer Z11 have maximized hashrate per unit space and efficiency per unit hashrate. The soon-to-be-released S17 will continue to do that even farther. Efficiency in all its forms is always a goal for an innovative product, so we continue to invest in researching and building more optimized miners.

Emily:加密货币市场持续低迷,这使得加密货币挖矿陷入瘫痪。目前您对市场的期望有多大?

The continuous downturn of cryptocurrency market has depressed crypto-mining industry. But How bigger do you expect the market to be?

Nishant:我认为这是加密货币市场专注于研发产品和项目的好时机,因为市场将过滤掉非优质项目。比特大陆将继续开发最节能和高速的比特币矿机,并投资各种有前途有展望的项目。在前面的回答中有提到,比特大陆最近将继续设定产品性能和效率的新基准,同时提高他们挖矿的加密货币络的安全性。预计市场将继续以比2017泡沫时期更合理地速度扩张。

This is a good time for the cryptocurrency market to focus on building its products/projects as there will be a filtering out of the not-so-good projects by the market. BitMain continues to develop the most energy-efficient and high-speed Bitcoin miners and invest in various promising projects. BitMain’s recent products, mentioned in the previous answer, continue to set new benchmarks of performance and efficiency, while increasing the security of the cryptocurrency networks that they are designed to mine. I expect the market to continue expanding at a more reasonable pace than we witnessed during the 2017 bubble.

Emily:您觉得未来加密货币市场的发展走向如何?

Where do you see the cryptocurrency market heading?

Nishant:加密货币市场?我觉得会越来越好,就像我刚刚解释的一样。

I see it heading to the moon! More seriously, yes my answer to this is the same as the previous one.

Emily:比特大陆将如何推进IPO(首次公开募股)计划?

Does BitMain have further IPO planning?

Nishant:我们确实认识到,尽管加密货币和区块链技术行业具有巨大潜力,但它仍然是一个相对年轻的行业,它正在证明自己的价值。我们将在适当的时候重新启动上市申请工作。

We do recognize that despite the huge potential of the cryptocurrency and blockchain industry, it remains a relatively young industry which is proving its value. We will restart the listing application work at an appropriate time in the future.

Emily:比特大陆的下一步计划是什么呢?

What’s next for BitMain?

Nishant:我们计划继续使用尖端技术来生产最优的产品和服务,以迎接去中心化的货币互联时代。比特大陆团队将研发各种新产品以应对不断复杂的计算难度,以提供给每个人机会。例如,比特大陆蚂蚁矿机AntMiner系列使任何人在任何地方都能挖矿并获得收益。

另外,我们继续支持开源开发人员、项目和组织。对于那些我们认为有潜力并和我们有同样愿景的人,我们无任何附加条件为他们提供支持与帮助。

详情情点击以下链接:

We plan to continue using cutting-edge technology to build the best products and services that secure the future of a decentralized internet of money. BitMain’s engineering team is determined to leverage the increased complexity of computing to transform it into opportunity for everyone.

For example, BitMain’s Antminer series of miners enables anyone, anywhere to mine and benefit from this internet of money. We continue to fund open-source developers, projects and organizations. For those that we see potential and share our vision, we fund them, often with no strings attached.

For those interested in reading more on this:

Emily:最后一个问题。您想对区块链的韩国用户说些什么呢?

Here is the last question. would you like to say something freely to the Korean practitioners in blockchain industry?

Nishant:永远不要停止学习,要做你最擅长的事情——这就是我想要分享给大家的两句话。目前的熊市是继续做自己擅长的事情的最佳时机,而不应该被眼前的利益冲昏头脑、分散注意力!

It’s what I would tell anybody and what BitMain has long lived by since its inception – never stop learning and doing what you do best. The current bear market is a good time to continue doing what you do best without being distracted by the noise of quick-money options!

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